On June 25, 1975, at 11:30 pm, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared emergency across the country. Political developments had intensified across the country after the Allahabad High Court’s decision in the case of irregularities in the Rae Bareli Lok Sabha elections. On 23 June, the Supreme Court had banned Indira Gandhi from taking part in the voting in Parliament.
Indira Gandhi had made up her mind not to resign
After the Supreme Court’s decision, on June 24, Congress party leaders advised Indira Gandhi to resign from her prime minister’s chair and put a minister on this chair until the Supreme Court acquitted her. But during this time Sanjay Gandhi and Siddharth Shankar had advised Indira Gandhi not to resign and after that Indira Gandhi had made up her mind by the night of 24 June that she would not resign. After this, on June 25, Indira Gandhi met President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed and after this meeting, emergency was declared at 11:30 pm.